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E-sports -Ein Grund dafür liegt darin, dass sich das Gaming in etwas verwandelt, das Marken nun auch verstehen. Ende der er-Jahre wurde zum ersten Mal der Begriff eSports verwendet. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 3. Liste der erfolgreichsten E-Sportler nach Preisgeld. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Die bedeutendste amerikanische Liga ist die Major League Gaming. Ihre Beliebtheit bietet der Spielindustrie neben Spielvertrieb und -entwicklung eine völlig neue Möglichkeiten der Entwicklung. Hier werden nicht nur die Turniere live übertragen, sondern auch die breitere Zielgruppe angesprochen, indem diese über die neuesten Entwicklungen aus dem Sport und real vegas online casino 2019 no deposit codes Highlights der freiburg qualifikation europa league Woche informiert wird. Es handele sich um einen weltweit verwendeten umgangssprachlichen Begriff. November um August im Internet Archive In: Es gibt keine genauen Zahlen über die Anzahl der E-Sportler weltweit.
The best doctors in South Korea have urged him to quit. For Jaedong, the pain is worth even a single glimpse of his former glory days. Runner prepared to call it quits.
But his wife stopped him. So they persevered, and against all odds, sponsorships poured in. Fans started donating necessities.
It was as if the world had RunAway's back. While League of Legends might have a higher profile, Dota 2 boasts a gigantic purse and a different strategy.
The bar for entry is high, but with a little help, Dota 2 can be enjoyable. League of Legends is the king of the esports hill. What is it about this free-to-play MOBA that has the world clicking like mad?
Here's your guide to LoL and what to expect in But can the League of Legends prodigy carry a nation on his shoulders?
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League of Legends Replays. Where will Faker go? Yong woo 'kenzi' kim. Reinforce talks Overwatch, future plans The former pro and Overwatch League analyst shows off some tank play and discusses what's next for him in the game.
How far can Team USA go? Invictus Gaming sweeps Fnatic for worlds title The Chinese squad became the first team from its region to win the League of Legends World Championship.
Maas winning the Team Competition. In the summer of , Walter Day founded a high score record keeping organization called Twin Galaxies.
National Video Game Team. During the s and s, video game players and tournaments began being featured in well-circulated newspapers and popular magazines including Life and Time.
Televised esports events aired during this period included the American show Starcade which ran between and airing a total of episodes, on which contestants would attempt to beat each other's high scores on an arcade game.
In the s, many games benefited from increasing internet connectivity , especially PC games. For example, the game Netrek was an Internet game for up to 16 players, written almost entirely in cross-platform open source software.
Netrek was the third Internet game , the first Internet game to use metaservers to locate open game servers, and the first to have persistent user information.
In it was credited by Wired Magazine as "the first online sports game". Large esports tournaments in the s include the Nintendo World Championships , which toured across the United States, and held its finals at Universal Studios Hollywood in California.
There were finalists that played in the finals in San Diego , California. Mike Iarossi took home 1st prize.
Television shows featuring esports during this period included the British shows GamesMaster and Bad Influence! The growth of esports in South Korea is thought to have been influenced by the mass building of broadband internet networks following the Asian financial crisis.
The Korean e-Sports Association , an arm of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism , was founded in to promote and regulate esports in the country.
During the s, esports grew tremendously, incurring a large increase in both viewership and prize money. The proliferation of tournaments included experimentation with competitions outside traditional esports genres.
In April the G7 teams federation were formed by seven prominent Counter-Strike teams. The goal of the organization was to increase stability in the esports world, particularly in standardizing player transfers and working with leagues and organizations.
The s was a popular time for televised esports. TV broadcast esports competitions from to The popularity and emergence of online streaming services have helped the growth of esports in this period, and are the most common method of watching tournaments.
Twitch , an online streaming platform launched in , routinely streams popular esports competitions. In , viewers of the platform watched 12 billion minutes of video on the service, with the two most popular Twitch broadcasters being League of Legends and Dota 2.
The modern esports boom has also seen a rise in video games companies embracing the esports potential of their products. After many years of ignoring and at times suppressing the esports scene, Nintendo hosted Wii Games Summer Spanning over a month, the tournament had over , participants, making it the largest and most expansive tournament in the company's history.
In Nintendo hosted an invitational Super Smash Bros. In , the largest independent esports league, Electronic Sports League , partnered with the local brand Japan Competitive Gaming to try and grow esports in the country.
Physical viewership of esports competitions and the scope of events have increased in tandem with the growth of online viewership. In most esports, organized play is centered around the use of promotion and relegation to move sponsored teams between leagues within the competition's organization based on how the team fared in matches; this follows patterns of professional sports in European and Asian countries.
However, with rising interest in viewership of esports, some companies sought to create leagues that followed the approach used in North American professional sports, in which all teams participate in a regular season of matches to vie for top standing as to participate in the post-season games.
This approach is more attractive for larger investors, who would be more willing to back a team that remains playing in the eSport's premiere league and not threatened to be relegated to a lower standing.
Blizzard Entertainment announced the Overwatch League , based on its Overwatch game, in , with its inaugural regular season featuring twelve teams starting in January It is the first esports league to be operated by a professional sports league, and the NBA sought to have a League team partially sponsored by each of the 30 professional NBA teams.
Its inaugural season is set to start May with 17 teams. Labeling video games as sports is a controversial point of debate. In a technology conference, when asked about the recent buyout of popular game streaming service Twitch, ESPN president John Skipper described esports as "not a sport — [they're] a competition.
In , Turkey's Ministry of Youth and Sports started issuing e-Sports Player licenses to players certified as professionals. In , the French government started working on a project to regulate and recognize esports.
To help promote esports as a legitimate sport, several esports events have been run alongside more traditional international sport competitions.
The Asian Indoor Games was the first notable multi-sport competition including esports as an official medal-winning event alongside other traditional sports, and the later editions of the Asian Indoor Games and its successor the Asian Indoor and Martial Arts Games have always included esports as an official medal event or an exhibition event up to now.
Moreover, the Asian Games , which is the Asian top-level multi-sport competition, will also include esports as a medal event at the edition ; esports around games such as Hearthstone , Starcraft II , and League of Legends were presented as an exhibition event at the Asian Games as a lead-in to the games.
The Olympic Games are also seen as a potential method to legitimize esports. A summit held by the International Olympic Committee IOC in October acknowledged the growing popularity of esports, concluding that "Competitive 'esports' could be considered as a sporting activity, and the players involved prepare and train with an intensity which may be comparable to athletes in traditional sports" but would require any games used for the Olympics fitting "with the rules and regulations of the Olympic movement".
The issues around esports have not prevented the IOC from exploring what possibilities there are for incorporation into future Olympics. Leaders in Japan are becoming involved to help bring esports to the Summer Olympics and beyond, given the country's reputation as a major video game industry center.
Takeo Kawamura , a member of the Japanese House of Representatives and of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party , led a collation of ruling and opposing politicians to support esports, called the Japan esports Union, or JeSU;  Kawamura said that they would be willing to pass laws to further exempt esports as needed so that esports athletes can make a living playing these sports.
So far, this has resulting in the ability for esports players to obtain exemption licenses to allow them to play, a similar mechanism needed for professional athletes in other sports in Japan to play professionally.
The organization committee for the Summer Olympics in Paris are in discussions with the IOC and the various professional eSport organizations to consider esports for the event, citing the need to include these elements to keep the Olympics relevant to younger generations.
A number of games are popular among professional competitors. The tournaments which emerged in the mids coincided with the popularity of fighting games and first-person shooters , genres which still maintain a devoted fan base.
After with the release of the Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne mod Defense of the Ancients , multiplayer online battle arena games became popular as esports.
Competitions exist for many titles and genres, though currently the most popular games are Counter-Strike: While it is common for video games to be designed with the experience of the player in game being the only priority, many successful esports games have been designed to be played professionally from the beginning.
Developers may decide to add dedicated esports features, or even make design compromises to support high level competition. Games such as StarCraft II ,  League of Legends ,  and Dota 2  have all been designed, at least in part, to support professional competition.
In addition to allowing players to participate in a given game, many game developers have added dedicated observing features for the benefit of spectators.
This can range from simply allowing players to watch the game unfold from the competing player's point of view, to a highly modified interface that gives spectators access to information even the players may not have.
The state of the game viewed through this mode may tend to be delayed by a certain amount of time in order to prevent either teams in a game from gaining a competitive advantage.
Games with these features include Counter-Strike: In response to the release of virtual reality headsets in , some games, such as Dota 2 , were updated to include virtual reality spectating support.
A very common method for connection is the Internet. Game servers are often separated by region, but high quality connections allow players to set up real-time connections across the world.
Downsides to online connections include increased difficulty detecting cheating compared to physical events, and greater network latency , which can negatively impact players' performance, especially at high levels of competition.
Many competitions take place online, especially for smaller tournaments and exhibition games. Since the s, professional teams or organized clans have set up matches via Internet Relay Chat networks such as QuakeNet.
As esports have developed, it has also become common for players to use automated matchmaking clients built into the games themselves.
This was popularized by the release of Blizzard's Battle. Automated matchmaking has become commonplace in console gaming as well, with services such as Xbox Live and the PlayStation Network.
After competitors have contacted each other, the game is often managed by a game server , either remotely to each of the competitors, or running on one of the competitor's machines.
Additionally, competitions are also often conducted over a local area network or LAN. The smaller network usually has very little lag and higher quality.
Because competitors must be physically present, LANs help ensure fair play by allowing direct scrutiny of competitors. This helps prevent many forms of cheating, such as unauthorized hardware or software modding.
The physical presence of competitors helps create a more social atmosphere at LAN events. Individual games have taken various approaches to LAN support.
Esports tournaments are almost always physical events in which occur in front of a live audience. The tournament may be part of a larger gathering, such as Dreamhack , or the competition may be the entirety of the event, like the World Cyber Games.
Competitions take several formats, but the most common are single or double elimination , sometimes hybridized with group stage.
Competitions usually have referees or officials to monitor for cheating. Although competitions involving video games have long existed, esports underwent a significant transition in the late s.
Beginning with the Cyberathlete Professional League in , tournaments became much larger, and corporate sponsorship became more common.
Increasing viewership both in person and online brought esports to a wider audience. For well established games, total prize money can amount to millions of U.
Often, game developers provide prize money for tournament competition directly,  but sponsorship may also come from third parties, typically companies selling computer hardware , energy drinks , or computer software.
Generally, hosting a large esports event is not profitable as a stand-alone venture. There is considerable variation and negotiation over the relationship between video game developers and tournament organizers and broadcasters.
While the original StarCraft events emerged in South Korea largely independently of Blizzard, the company decided to require organizers and broadcasters to authorize events featuring the sequel StarCraft II.
The training that the players must undergo to prepare for tournaments is different but still takes a tremendous amount of time.
Athletes from traditional sports' training is almost entirely based on honing their physical prowess in performing that sport, such as muscle memory, exercising, and dieting.
Esports athletes' training is much more based on training the mind, such as studying strategies and new updates for the game.
Team Liquid, a professional League of Legends team, practice for a minimum of 50 hours per week and most play the game far more. Few careers burn as intensely—and as briefly—as that of an esports professional.
Players are generally in competition by their mid- to late teens, and most are retired by their mids. In addition to prize money from tournament wins, players may also be paid a separate team salary.
Team sponsorship may cover tournament travel expenses or gaming hardware. Prominent esports sponsors include companies such as Logitech and Razer. C in Greece either sponsor or have complete ownership in esports teams.
Pro gamers are usually obligated to behave ethically, abiding by both the explicit rules set out by tournaments, associations, and teams, as well as following general expectations of good sportsmanship.
For example, it is common practice and considered good etiquette to chat "gg" for "good game" when defeated. In a prominent example of good conduct, during a IEM StarCraft II game, the players Feast and DeMusliM both voluntarily offered information about their strategies to negate the influence of outside information inadvertently leaked to "Feast" during the game.
In professional League of Legends player Christian "IWillDominate" Riviera was banned from competing for a period of one year following a history of verbal abuse.
Team Siren, an all-female League of Legends team, was formed in June The announcement of the team was met with controversy, being dismissed as a "gimmick" to attract the attention of men.
There have been serious violations of the rules. In , eleven StarCraft: Brood War players were found guilty of fixing matches for profit , and were fined and banned from future competition.
Reports of widespread use of performance-enhancing drugs PEDs in esports are not uncommon, with players discussing their own, their teammates' and their competitors' use and officials acknowledging the prevalence of the issue.
Conversely, drugs with calming effects are also sought after. Some players take propanolol , which blocks the effects of adrenaline , or Valium , which is prescribed to treat anxiety disorder , in order to remain calm under pressure.
The unregulated use of such drugs poses severe risks to competitors' health, including addiction , overdose , serotonin syndrome and, in the case of stimulants, weight loss.
They commonly drink caffeinated drinks or use energy pills. There has been some concern over the quality of life and potential mistreatment of players by organizations, especially in South Korea.
Korean organizations have been accused of refusing to pay competitive salaries, leading to a slow exodus of Korean players to other markets.
In an interview, League of Legends player Bae "Dade" Eo-jin said that "Korean players wake up at 1pm and play until 5am", and suggested that the 16 hour play schedule was a significant factor in causing burnout.
To combat the negative environment, Korean League of Legends teams were given new rules for the upcoming season by Riot Games, including the adoption of minimum salaries for professional players, requiring contracts and allowing players to stream individually for additional player revenue.
Players must handle their own treatments and carry their own medical insurance, which is opposite of the norm with professional sports teams. Since most esports play requires many actions per minute, some players may get repetitive strain injuries, causing hand or wrist pain.
Gambling and betting on esport matches have generally been illegal in major markets. The illegality of esport gambling has created a black market related to esports and virtual currency, as these go unregulated, may encourage match-fixing by players themselves, and lead to concerns about underage gambling due to the draw of video games.
One such example of this is skin gambling , where virtual items earned in games were used as a currency for users to bet on the outcome of matches.
The Act prevented all but five states from allowing gambling on sporting events. National Collegiate Athletic Association in May , PASPA was found unconstitutional, as the Court ruled that the federal government cannot limit states from regulating sports betting.
This created the potential for legalized esports-based betting in the United States. Without PASPA, interstate gambling on esports would be still be limited by the Federal Wire Act , preventing users from betting on national esports events outside of the state.
With the growing popularity of machine learning in data analytics, esports has been the focus of several software programs that seek to provide a competitive advantage to players by analyzing the plethora of game data available.
Based on the huge number of matches played on a daily basis globally League of Legends alone had a reported million active monthly players worldwide in  and an average of 27 million League of Legends games played per day reported in  , these games are perfect for applying big-data machine learning platforms.
Several games make their data publicly available, so websites aggregate the data into easy-to-visualize graphs and statistics.
In addition, several programs use machine learning tools to predict the win probability of a match based on various factors, such as team composition.
The main medium for esports coverage is the Internet. For popular casters, providing commentary for esports can be a full-time position by itself.
In , the Associated Press ' AP Stylebook officially began spelling the word as "esports", dropping support for both the capital "S" and the dash between "e" and "sports" styles, similar to how " e-mail " transformed with common usage to "email".
Many esports events are streamed online to viewers over the internet. With the shutdown of the Own3d streaming service in , Twitch is by far the most popular streaming service for esports, competing against other providers such as Hitbox.
Individual broadcasters can enter an agreement with Twitch or Hitbox in which they receive a portion of the advertisement revenue from commercials which run on the stream they create.
For several years, MLG. YouTube also relaunched its livestreaming platform with a renewed focus on live gaming and esports specifically.
Especially since the popularization of streaming in esports, organizations no longer prioritize television coverage, preferring online streaming websites such as Twitch.
Riot Games' Dustin Beck stated that "TV's not a priority or a goal",  and DreamHack's Tomas Hermansson said "esports have [been proven] to be successful on internet streaming [services].
The first-place team from the University of California, Berkeley received tuition for each of the teams players, paid for by Blizzard and Tespa.
This was the first time an eSport had ever been broadcast on a major American television network. The broadcast was an attempt to broaden the appeal of esports by reaching viewers who would not normally come across it.
However, the broadcast was met with a few complaints. Those living outside of the United States were unable to view the tournament.
Additionally, the tournament could not be viewed online via streams, cutting off a large portion of viewers from the main demographic in the process.
The tournament, filmed at Turner's studios in Atlanta, Georgia , is simultaneously streamed on online streaming websites and TBS on Friday nights.
He felt that higher quality productions, more in line with those of traditional sports telecasts, could help to broaden the appeal of esports to advertisers.
TV 2 , the largest private television broadcaster in Norway , broadcasts esports across the country.
TV 2 partnered with local Norwegian organization House of Nerds to bring a full season of esports competition with an initial lineup of Counter-Strike: Nielsen Holdings , a global information company known for tracking viewership for television and other media, announced in August that it would launch Nielsen esports, a division devoted to providing similar viewership and other consumer research data around esports, forming an advisory board with members from ESL , Activision Blizzard , Twitch.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Electronic sports. This article is about video game competitions. For simulated sports in video games, see sports game.
For multiplayer games in general, see multiplayer video game. List of eSports games. List of esports leagues and tournaments.
This section needs expansion.